Essential Spanish Expression

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There are few expressions more useful than hay, the Spanish equivalent of both "there is" & "there are."

Por ejemplo…

Hay un manzano en el jardín.

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There’s an táo khuyết tree in the garden.
¿Hay un problema?Is there a problem?

Hay is the present tense impersonal khung of the verb haber. It’s always tuyệt (invariable) regardless of whether the noun that follows is singular or plural.

Por ejemplo…

Hay muchas mariposas.There are a lot of butterflies.
No xuất xắc problemas.There aren’t any problems.

There was, there will be …

In other tenses and moods, the impersonal verb haber has both singular and plural impersonal conjugations, but most Spanish speakers consider use of the plurals as incorrect. I’ve provided both forms here for reference, with the plural conjugations asterisked as a reminder to lớn use them with care – if at all.

Por ejemplo…

pretéritohubo uno hubo dosthere was one there were two
*hubieron dosthere were two
imperfecthabía uno había dosthere was one there were two
*habían dosthere were two
present perfectha habido uno ha habido dosthere has been one there have been two
*han habido dosthere have been two
conditionalhabría uno habría dosthere would be one there would be two
*habrían dosthere would be two
futurehabrá uno habrá dosthere will be one there will be two
*habrán dosthere will be two
subjunctiveque haya uno que haya dosthat there is one that there are two
*que hayan dosthat there are two

Hay que

When followed by an infinitive, xuất xắc que means "it is necessary to" or "one has to."

Por ejemplo…

Hay que estudiar cada día.It’s necessary lớn study every day.
Hay quetrabajar para triunfar en la vida.

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One has towork in order lớn succeed in life.

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